Fairy Penguin (species: Eudyptula minor) in Sydney Marine Life (Gaia Guide)
Eudyptula minor
Fairy Penguin

©Fir0002: Fairy penguins

©John on Flickr: Fairy Penguin (Eudyptula minor)

©David Burton: Fairy Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Sphenisciformes
Family Spheniscidae
Genus Eudyptula
Species Eudyptula minor
Status least concern



Distinguishing features

The head and upperparts are blue in colour, with slate-grey ear coverts fading to white underneath, from the chin to the belly. The flippers are blue. The dark grey-black beak is 3–4 cm long, the irises pale silvery- or bluish-grey or hazel, and the feet pink above with black soles and webbing. An immature individual will have a shorter bill and lighter upperparts. (Wikipedia)


  • From 30 cm to 33 cm (Length of specimen)


  • Wingspan data is not yet available.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Distribution and habitat preferences

The Little Penguin breeds along the entire coastline of New Zealand, the Chatham Islands, and southern Australia.

Little penguins have also been reported from Chile and South Africa, but it is unclear whether these birds were vagrants. (Wikipedia)

Local abundance

  • Cape Kidnappers, New Zealand: common


diurnal (active during the day)   They feed at sea during the day.


These birds feed by hunting fish, squid and other small sea animals, for which they travel and dive quite extensively. In New Zealand, important prey items include arrow squid, slender sprat, Graham's gudgeon, red cod and ahuru. They are generally inshore feeders. (Wikipedia)

Web resources