Great Cormorant (species: Phalacrocorax (Phalacrocorax) carbo) in Gaagal Wanggaan NP (Gaia Guide)
Phalacrocorax (Phalacrocorax) carbo
Great Cormorant

©Charlie: Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax (Phalacrocorax) carbo) on Myall River at Bulahdelah, NSW. Possibly juveniles in foreground.

©Lip Kee Yap: Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax (Phalacrocorax) carbo)

©H.K Chan: Note the green eye of the Great cormorant
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Pelecaniformes
Family Phalacrocoracidae
Genus Phalacrocorax
Species Phalacrocorax (Phalacrocorax) carbo
Status least concern



Distinguishing features

Adults are black.  It has a longish tail and yellow throat-patch. Adults have white thigh patches in the breeding season.

Juveniles have a duller browner plumage and their facial skin is duller. (Wikipedia)


  • From 80 cm to 85 cm (Length of specimen)


  • From 120 cm to 160 cm



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution

Distribution and habitat preferences

This is a very common and widespread bird species. It feeds on the sea, in estuaries, and on freshwater lakes and rivers. Northern birds migrate south and winter along any coast that is well-supplied with fish. (Wikipedia)

Local abundance

  • Cape Kidnappers, New Zealand: common

Audio recordings


Courtship. Recorded at Le Teich, Gironde, Aquitaine in France.

© Bernard Bousquet


It can dive to considerable depths, but often feeds in shallow water. It frequently brings prey to the surface. A wide variety of fish are taken: cormorants are often noticed eating eels, but this may reflect the considerable time taken to subdue an eel and position it for swallowing, rather than any dominance of eels in the diet. (Wikipedia)

Web resources