Northern Pygmy Owl (species: Glaucidium gnoma) in US Lower 48 Birds (Gaia Guide)
Glaucidium gnoma
Northern Pygmy Owl

©Robin Horn: Northern Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium gnoma)

©Jerry McFarland: Northern Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium gnoma)

©Dominic Sherony: Northern Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium gnoma)
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Strigiformes
Family Strigidae
Genus Glaucidium
Species Glaucidium gnoma



Distinguishing features

They are gray, brownish-gray or rufous in colour. They have a round white spotted head, weakly defined facial disc, and dark upper breast, wings and tail, the latter quite long compared to other owls. The eyes are yellow and the bill is yellowish-green. They have two black nape spots outlined in white on the back of its head, which look like eyes. The mid to lower breast is white with darker vertical streaking. Legs are feathered down to the four well-armed toes on each foot. (Wikipedia)


  • From 15 cm to 17 cm (Length of specimen) - applies to Adults


  • From 36 cm to 41 cm and averaging 38 cm - applies to Adults



Distribution and habitat preferences

It is native to Canada, the United States, Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras.

Their habitat includes temperate, subtropical and tropical moist forest, savanna, and wetlands. (Wikipedia)

Audio recordings


Recorded at Rustler Park, Chiricahua Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona in United States.

© Lance A. M. Benner

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