Black-breasted Button-quail (species: Turnix melanogaster) in Wollumbin NP (Gaia Guide)
Turnix melanogaster
Black-breasted Button-quail

©Tom Tarrant: Male Black-breasted Button-quail (Turnix melanogaster)

©Tom Tarrant: Black-breasted Buttonquail
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Turniciformes
Family Turnicidae
Genus Turnix
Species Turnix melanogaster
Status vulnerable



Distinguishing features

The Black-breasted Buttonquail is a plump quail-shaped bird of predominantly marbled black, rufous and pale brown, marked prominently with white spots and stripes, and white eyes.

Like other buttonquails, the female is larger and more distinctively coloured than the male. It has a black face and chin, sprinkled with fine white markings. The male is smaller than the female and lacks the black markings. (Wikipedia)


  • Up to 20 cm (Length of specimen)


  • Wingspan data is not yet available.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution: Black-breasted Button-quail (Turnix melanogaster)

Distribution and habitat preferences

The Black-breasted Buttonquail is found from Hervey Bay in central Queensland south to the northeastern corner of New South Wales. It is rare and its habitat fragmented. It is found in rainforest and nearby areas, as well as Hoop Pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) plantations, and lantana thickets. It is found in Palmgrove National Park, which has consequently been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area for the species. (Wikipedia)

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