Baillon's Crake (species: Zapornia pusilla) in Georges River NP (Gaia Guide)
Zapornia pusilla
Baillon's Crake

©Tom Tarrant: Baillon's Crake (Zapornia pusilla)

©Ron Knight: Baillon's Crake (Zapornia pusilla)
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Gruiformes
Family Rallidae
Genus Zapornia
Species Zapornia pusilla
Status least concern



Distinguishing features

Baillon's Crake has a short straight bill, yellow or green without a red base. Adults have mainly brown upperparts with some white markings, and a blue-grey face and underparts. The rear flanks are barred black and white. They have green legs with long toes, and a short tail which is barred underneath.

Immature birds are similar to the adults, but have extensively barred underparts. The downy chicks are black, as with all rails. (Wikipedia)


  • From 16 cm to 18 cm (Length of specimen) - applies to Adults


  • Wingspan data is not yet available.



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution: Baillon's Crake (Zapornia pusilla)

Distribution and habitat preferences

Their breeding habitat is sedge beds in Europe, mainly in the east, and across Asia. They nest in a dry location in wet sedge bogs, laying 4-8 eggs. This species is migratory, wintering in east Africa and south Asia. It is also a resident breeder in Africa and Australasia. (Wikipedia)


These birds probe with their bill in mud or shallow water, also picking up food by sight. They mainly eat insects and aquatic animals. (Wikipedia)

Web resources