Rock Dove (species: Columba (Columba) livia) in Birds of Argentina (Gaia Guide)
Columba (Columba) livia
Rock Dove

©Leo: Rock Dove (Columba (Columba) livia)

©Vibhu Prasad: Rock Dove (Columba (Columba) livia)

©Neil Tackaberry: Rock Dove (Columba (Columba) livia)
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Columba
Species Columba (Columba) livia
Status least concern



Distinguishing features

Wild birds are pale grey with two black bars on each wing, although domestic and feral pigeons are very variable in colour and pattern. There are few visible differences between males and females.

It has a dark bluish-gray head, neck, and chest with glossy yellowish, greenish, and reddish-purple iridescence along its neck and wing feathers. The iris is orange, red or golden with a paler inner ring, and the bare skin round the eye is bluish-grey. The bill is grey-black with a conspicuous off-white cere, and the feet are purplish-red. (Wikipedia)


  • From 29 cm to 37 cm (Length of specimen)


  • From 62 cm to 72 cm



©Atlas of Living Australia: Australian distribution: Rock Dove (Columba (Columba) livia)

Distribution and habitat preferences

Habitats include various open and semi-open environments. Cliffs and rock ledges are used for roosting and breeding in the wild. Originally found wild in Europe, North Africa, and western Asia, feral Pigeon have become established in cities around the world. (Wikipedia)

Local abundance

  • Cape Kidnappers, New Zealand: common

Audio recordings


Recorded at S�lestat, Bas-Rhin, Alsace in France.

© Timo S.

Local feral populations

  • Western Australia:  Feral. Mostly in urban areas.

Web resources